Contemporary Techniques for the Bassoon: Multiphonics
While researching materials for Contemporary Techniques for the Bassoon: Multiphonics twenty-one bassoonists, who range in age, experience, and specialty, were brought together to test over 400 multiphonic fingerings. This study includes a summary of the distinction between monovalent and polyvalent fingerings, as well as a thorough description of four additional categories of bassoon multiphonics. The multi-phase test process implemented in Contemporary Techniques for the Bassoon: Multiphonics – including elimination of unreliable fingerings, notes on embouchure settings, and pitch content analysis – incorporated bassoon models from multiple instrument makers, which together will ensure that this is the most reliable resource for bassoon multiphonics published to date.
- Definition and instruction on the multiple types of multiphonic fingerings
- Pitch content
- Notation suggestion, including quick read notation similar to Heinz Holliger's oboe multiphonic notation
- Embouchure suggestions
- Multiphonic fingerings for works in the repertoire